Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Model of Electric Field Assisted Capillarity for the Fabrication of Hollow Microstructures

C. Tonry[1], M. K. Patel[1], C. Bailey[1], M. P.Y. Desmuliez[2], W. Yu[3]
[1]Computational Mechanics and Reliability Group (CMRG), School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom
[2]Microsystems Engineering Centre (MISCEC, School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Heriot Watt University, Earl Mountbatten Building, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
[3]State Key Laboratory of Applied Optics, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin, China

Electric Field Assisted Capillarity (EFAC) is a novel technique for the fabrication of hollow polymer microstructures. It has advantages over current methods as it is a single step process. Hollow microstructures have many uses in industry from microchannels and microcapsules in BioMEMS to fibre-optical waveguides. It makes use of the dielectric properties of polymers combined with a heavily ...

Aggregation Kinetics of Colloidal Nanoparticles in a Circulating Microfluidic Cavity

M.R. Barmi[1], B.D. Piorek[1], M. Moskovits[2], C.D. Meinhart[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
[2]Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

Pressure-driven air flow is directed over the microfluidic cavity induces circulating fluid motion in the cavity. Analyte contained in the air stream is absorbed into the cavity, mixes with the nanoparticles as a result of the circulating cavity flow. Therefore, the nanoparticles sequentially aggregate into clusters of higher orders. The model captures: fluid dynamics of the air flow and ...

COMSOL as an Aid in the Teaching (Learning) of Heat Transfer

R. López[1], J. Morales*[1], M. Vaca[1], A. Lizardi[1], H. Terres[1], G. Bautista[1], A. Lara[1]
[1]Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Tlalpan, Distrito Federal, Mexico

Several undergraduate programs include the “Heat transfer” subject and, in our experience, it is hard for the students to grasp the concepts that are presented in the course. With this in mind, we designed and constructed an apparatus for the experimentation of heat transfer in a short bar. It was observed, that the time required to perform the experiment was so long, that the didactic aim ...

Thermal Analysis of Packaged Deep Ultraviolet LEDs

A. Dobrinsky[1], M. Shatalov[1], M. Shur[1], R. Gaska[1]
[1]Sensor Electronic Technology, Columbia, SC, USA

Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes (DUV LEDs) are presently operating at a relatively low efficiency, thus large amount of LED driving power is dissipating in heat. Thermal heating degrades LED performance and decreases LED’s lifetime. The degradation of DUV LED devices with temperature increase makes thermal management a key issue for DUV LEDs. We present a thermal analysis of DUV LED ...

Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Diaphragm Pump for Medical Application

I. Lupelli[1], P. Gaudio[1], A. Malizia[1], R. Quaranta[1]
[1]Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy

In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...

Analysis of Electroosmotic Flow of Power-law Fluids in a Microchannel(1D)

K. SriNithin[1]
[1]IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

Electroosmotic flow of power-law fluids in a slit channel(1D) is analyzed. The governing equations are the Poisson–Boltzmann equation, the Cauchy momentum equation, Generalized Smoluchowski equation and the continuity equation are used to get shear stress, dynamic viscosity, and velocity distribution. Simulations are performed to examine the effects of ?H, flow behavior index, double layer ...

Simulation Study in Design of Miniaturized MID-Infrared Sensors

B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Universität Ulm
Ulm, Deutschland

Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...

Thermo-fluid Dynamics Modelling of Hydrogen Absorption and Desorption in a LaNi4.8Al0.2 Hydride Bed

D. Baldissin[1] and D. Lombardo[1]
[1]Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy

A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...

Mathematical Modeling of Direct Borohydride Fuel Cells and its Experimental Validation

A. K. R. Paul[1], K. S. Gandhi[2], and A. K. Shukla[3]
[1] Central Electrochemical Research Institute – Madras Unit, CSIR Complex, Taramani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
[2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India
[3] Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore , Karnataka, India

  Direct borohydride fuel cells (DBFCs) use sodium borohydride (NaBH4) as fuel and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as an oxidant. A mathematical model encompassing mass balance of ionic species in different regions of the DBFC is developed. Both the oxidation of sodium borohydride and reduction of hydrogen peroxide are assumed to obey Tafel kinetics. This is combined with boundary conditions ...

Thermal Analysis of Intermediate Heat Exchanger in a Pool Type Fast Breeder Reactor

S. Agarwal[1], C. A. Babu[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]

[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam

 Intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) in a pool-type liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor is an important heat exchanging component as it transfer heat from the radioactive primary sodium in the pool to the non-radioactive secondary sodium. The secondary sodium ultimately heats up water in a steam Generator (SG) to produce the steam for power generation. Intermediate heat exchanger is a ...

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