R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
W. Clark, and M. Lindblad
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Two-phase electrophoresis is a separation method that combines aqueous two-phase partitioning with electrophoresis and has promise for large scale recovery of biological products. Aqueous two-phase systems formed by adding two polymers, like dextran and polyethylene glycol, to water provide some separation of dissolved species due to differences in solubility of solutes between the phases. COMSOL ...
G. Galgana, P. McGovern, and E. Grosfils
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA
We present an implementation of the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics to model the state of stress associated with the emplacement of large volcanic edifices on the surface of a planet. These finite element models capture two essential physical processes: (1) Elastic flexure of the lithosphere beneath the edifice load, and (2) Pressurization of a magma-filled chamber that serves ...
High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are highly-efficient light sources with many applications. Depending on the dimensions of the electrode, lamp current, and waveforms, the plasma may attach to the cathode in a diffuse mode, that covers the electrode tip surface, or a localized mode where heating and current transfer occur in a local region of the electrode surface. The localized mode is ...
T. Gadkari, and A. Jeremic
McMaster University, ON, Canada
Atherosclerosis affects the arterial blood vessels causing stenosis in the arteries because of which the artery hardens resulting in loss of elasticity in the affected region. In this paper, we present an approach to model the pulsating flow of blood through such an atherosclerosis affected region of the artery using the finite element method. We further discuss the statistical model used to ...
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm and University of Texas
Virtual prototyping is used for understanding, verifying, planning, controliing, and optimizing a technical application. It the industrial component computational science and engineering and can be called "the third pillar of modern science". The future of virtual prototyping will be multiscale and multiphysics models and simulations. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's ...
Modeling Geophysical Fluid Flows Using COMSOL: Working Towards a Hydrodynamic Model of the Chesapeake Bay
M. Boe, R. Malek-Madani, D. R. Smith, and M. E. C. Vieira
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
The outline for this presentation is:Chesapeake Bay BasicsMathematical FrameworkLinear Western Intensification Models -Stommel (1948), Munk (1950)Non-linear equations solved in rectangular geometriesThree-dimensional Chesapeake Bay bathymetry attempts
S. L. Butler
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada
Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...
D. Bichsel1, and P. Wittwer2
1HESSO, Ecole d'Ingénieurs de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
2DPT, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
We discuss a new numerical scheme involving adaptive boundary conditions which allows to compute, at very low Reynolds numbers, drag and lift of airfoils with rough surfaces; efficiently and with great precision.As an example, we present the numerical implementation for an airfoil consisting of a line segment. The solution of the Navier-Stokes equations is singular at the leading and trailing ...
M. Cacciola, S. Calcagno, D. De Carlo, F. Laganà, G. Megali, F. C. Morabito, D. Pellicanò, and M. Versaci
Department of Informatics, Mathematics, Electronics and Transportations (DIMET) - "Mediterrane" University of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, Italy
Eddy Current Non Destructive Testing is exploited to evaluate the structural integrity of metallic objects. The aim of this paper is to detect defects located in depth within the inspected object; within this framework, we studied the modelling of exciting coils useful to detect structural flaws. The simulations have been carried out by considering the movement of the coil over a structural steel ...