Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

Simulation of MEA in PEMFC and Interface of Nanometer-Sized Electrodes

Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, and S. Chen
Wuhan University, College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan, China

COMSOL Multiphysics is a very helpful simulation software in our researches on both PEMFC and nanometer-sized electrodes. In the first part of our presentation, the influence of humidity and temperature to the performance of PEMFC are studied by simulating the MEA (membrane electrode assembly) in PEMFC. In the second part, models of different nanometer-sized electrodes, including spherical ...

Thermal Analysis of Joule Heated Ceramic Melter

P. Goyal, V. Verma, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

High level radioactive waste (HLW) generated by nuclear fuel cycle is immobilized using glass melters. In Glass melters such as Joule Heated Ceramic Melter (JHCM) electrodes immersed in the glass generates heat by the joule heating due to electric current passing between electrodes through glass. For melter performance it is required to evlaute temperature distribution in the melter. Thermal ...

Electrostatic Fluid Structure Interaction (EFSI) on the Huygens Experiment

R. Godard [1], J. de Boer[1], N. Ibrahim[2], and G. Molina-Cuberos[3]
[1]Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
[2]University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
[3]Campus Espinardo, Murcia, Spain

The Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) was designed to characterize the physical properties of the lower atmosphere and surface of Titan, the planet-size moon of Saturn. The Relaxation Probe (RP) sensor on the Huygens probe, determined the electrical conductivity in the lower atmosphere of Titan, from 140 km to 40 km. It was suspected that at an altitude above 100km, the booms ...

Beam Structure As an Acoustic Wave Sensor: A Study of the Effect of Sensor Design on Its Sensitivity to Noise

F. Akasheh[1], A. Biddle[1], W.S. Shepard Jr.[2], and B.B.B. Zhang[2]
[1]Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, USA
[2]University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA

The detection and identification of the location of a sound source is commonly done using arrays of microphones. A recent new alternative approach has been proposed which involves the use of continuous structures, such as beams or plates, as acoustic wave sensors. The sound wave impinging on the surface of the structure causes it to vibrate and the measured surface displacements can then be used ...

Optimisation Of Filament Geometry For Gas Sensor Application

S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France

Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...

Space Charge Compensation of Negative Ion Beams

M.Cavenago[1], and P. Veltri[2]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, PD, Italy
[2]Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy

Neutral Beam Injectors for ITER require development of negative ion sources and beams with carefully reduced beam divergence. In the accelerator this is compensated by the focusing due to the fringe effect of the electric field, while in the drift region, where the beam is propagating without further acceleration, a background positive charge is required to assure beam transmission with small ...

Fluid Flow Simulations Using New CFD Module

H. Rouch
INOPRO, France

COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large and ...

Numerical Simulation Of Laminar Flow Above And Below Triangular Bedforms

C. Gualtieri
University of Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy

This paper presents some results of numerical simulations carried out to investigate the basic hydrodynamic interactions between the laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and the Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments. The flow was described by the Navier-Stokes equation in the free region and the Darcy equation in the porous region. Numerical simulations were ...

Simulation Of Soil Remediation Polluted By Hydrocarbons Using A Non-Thermal Atmospheric Plasma

J. Rojo, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

A lot of techniques are developed to treat soils polluted by hydrocarbons pollutants: incineration, thermal treatment, extraction, chemical oxidation, bioremediation… Some of these techniques are very energy consuming (incineration, thermal treatment…) and often need a subsequent treatment of the generated gases or liquids. Of all the decontamination methods, bioremediation appears to be the ...

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