Numerical Analysis of the Impact of Geometric Shape Patterns on the Performance of Miniaturized Chromatography Systems
R. Winz, E. von Lieres, and W. Wiechert
Department of Simulation, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
Institute of Biotechnology, Research Centre Jülich, Siegen, Germany
We have implemented a two dimensional chromatography model for the analysis and optimization of structured micro pillar arrays. Dynamic surface interaction of solved molecules is taken into account by the kinetic Langmuir model. Variations of the pillar array geometry lead to deviations in the outlet concentration profiles. These deviations cannot be described by the one dimensional models that ...
Multiphysics Modeling of Engineered Structured Sorbents for the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor from Manned Spacecraft Atmospheres
NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA
In NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration, humans will once again travel beyond the confines of earth’s gravity, this time to remain there for extended periods. Thus all spacecraft systems, including those for the separation of metabolic carbon dioxide and water from a crewed vehicle, must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. This paper describes efforts to improve on ...
L. Martinelli, and A. Lamberti
Universita di Bologna, Italy
Objective of this contribution is to show how to implement the Mild Slope Equations with COMSOL Multiphysics. These equations are commonly used to study the propagation of waves in harbors. Some interesting features are presented, namely the use of weak terms (used for the modelling of the source term); the evaluation of a smooth phase gradient from the complex dependent variable; a robust ...
Dept. of Mechanics and Machine Design, Research Centre on Choral and Instrumental Music (MUSICOS), University of Genoa, Italy
The paper attempts to give a contribution to the dynamic analysis of musical instruments. A multidisciplinary approach oriented to the study of mechanical, structural, vibratory and acoustical phenomena related to stringed instruments is discussed. The case study focused in this paper concerns the violins family: the geometry and the vibratory propagation of this instrument is very complicated to ...
J. Caire, A. Bouh, and E. Guilminot
LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France
Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...
O. Geoffroy, and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France
The crystal growth industry uses high temperature processes. To improve production efficiency, a good knowledge of thermal effects is necessary. We show in this article a methodology to get reliable data by mixing simplified models, sensitivity studies and parameters adjustments. The precision is improved by comparison with experimental measurements.
Y. Sheng, S. Rancourt-Grenier, P. Bareil, P. Duval, M. Wei, A. Chiou, and J. Bai
University Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada
National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
A dual-trap optical tweezers is used for deforming the red blood cell (RBC) in suspension and studying its elasticity. The 3D deformation of the cells was computed with the elastic membrane theory. The calculated deformation can fit to experimental data resulting in cell’s elasticity coefficient. The static approach is valid only for small deformation (5-10%). For a large deformation such as ...
R. Godard , J. de Boer, N. Ibrahim, and G. Molina-Cuberos
Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Campus Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
The Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) was designed to characterize the physical properties of the lower atmosphere and surface of Titan, the planet-size moon of Saturn. The Relaxation Probe (RP) sensor on the Huygens probe, determined the electrical conductivity in the lower atmosphere of Titan, from 140 km to 40 km. It was suspected that at an altitude above 100km, the booms ...
Y. Song, and C. Wang
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature, implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study using COMSOL Multiphysics, we use an EBFC chip, having three dimensional, highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by C-MEMS micro-fabrication techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for ...
S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France
Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...