Development of an On-Line Wall-Fouling Sensor for Pipeline Transportation of Heavy Oil-Water Mixtures
S. Rushd, and R.S. Sanders
Chemical & Materials Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
A beneficial method for transporting highly viscous hydrocarbons (e.g. heavy oil and bitumen) through a pipeline is known as Lubricated Pipe Flow (LPF). A major challenge for this technology is flow instability caused by the formation of a wall-coating of oil or the thinning and/or loss of the lubricating water layer in the pipe. This issue can be addressed by using capacitance sensors to measure ...
D. Mondal, R. Mukherjee, D. Mukherjee, and C. RoyChaudhuri
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Bengal Engineering and Science University Shibpur, Howrah, West Bengal, India
School of VLSI Technology, Bengal Engineering and Science University Shibpur, Howrah, West Bengal, India
In this paper, the effects of roughness in the surfaces of the plates caused due to nonuniform etching during their release and/or due to defects in the original wafer on the capacitance in RF-MEMS parallel plate varactors are analyzed. Capacitance extraction due to surface roughness has been carried out by mixed mode analysis in three steps: 3D modeling of rough surface in COMSOL, linking of the ...
S. Suganthi, M. Anandraj, and L. Sujatha
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
Department of Physics, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
Porous Silicon (PS) can easily be formed by electrochemical etching of silicon in HF based electrolytes at room temperature. Since, PS is compatible with silicon IC technology; it finds lot of applications in the fabrication of MEMS devices. In the current study, we discuss the design of a condenser microphone using a Silicon/ Porous Silicon composite membrane as a movable plate. The performance ...
C. Belavý, G. Hulkó, P. Buček, and S. Lel'o
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
Technological processes in the engineering practice from point of view of systems and control theory are frequently in the form of distributed parameter systems (DPS). Techniques of FEM based modeling and design of control synthesis methods of DPS which is acceptable for various technological processes, will be demonstrated on modeling and control of temperature fields of the glass melting ...
T.C. Zhu, and X. Liang
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent in photodynamic therapy (PDT). The reaction between 1O2 and tumor cells defines the treatment efficacy. Based on a previously developed model that incorporates the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen, the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 is numerically ...
S. Maloney[1,2], Y. Li[1,2], G. Auner, and J. Smolinski
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA
We are working on a microfabricated lysing chip that uses a piezoelectric actuator to provide ultrasonic energy to break apart cells. The device contains pillars with varying dimensions. We hypothesize that increasing the aspect ratio of pillars will increase the efficiency of the transfer of ultrasonic energy into the fluid phase and enhance the lysing efficiency. The fluid structure ...
M.Cavenago, and P. Veltri
INFN-LNL, Legnaro, PD, Italy
Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy
Neutral Beam Injectors for ITER require development of negative ion sources and beams with carefully reduced beam divergence. In the accelerator this is compensated by the focusing due to the fringe effect of the electric field, while in the drift region, where the beam is propagating without further acceleration, a background positive charge is required to assure beam transmission with small ...
D. Remaoun, and A. Boutaous
Département de Physique, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie, Oran, Algérie
The present work aims to describe the behavior of the interface using the method of load transfer between fiber and matrix in a composite material. Our contribution was first to simulate the mechanical behavior of a composite, for a given radius of the fiber was able to automate the result for different rays thus different proportions of the reinforcement, the simulation was done with software ...
Homogeneous and Inhomogeneous Model for Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Materials as High Temperature Solar Air Receivers
O. Smirnova, T. Fend, P. Schwaryboezl, and D. Schoellgen
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Koeln, Germany
Results of simulations on flow and heat transfer in a porous Silicon Carbide honeycomb structure applied as a solar air receiver are presented. In this application porous materials are put in concentrated solar radiation. Flux densities of up to 1000 MW/m² are reached. Simultanously, ambient air flows through the material to be heated up to temperatures of app. 800°C. This hot air is then used ...
A. Plana-Fattori[1,2], E. Chantoiseau[1,2], C. Doursat[1,2], and D. Flick[1,2]
AgroParisTech, Massy, France
INRA, Massy, France
Many liquid food processes involve coupled phenomena of fluid flow, heat transfer and product transformation. A typical example is the heat treatment of a starch suspension inside a tubular heat exchanger. Fluid flow influences heat transfer which determines temperature evolution along fluid trajectories. Temperature locally influences the food product transformation. The latter influences ...