Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Cyclic Voltammetry of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide Redox Reaction in the EQCM Sensor

H. Kwon, and E. Akyiano
Dept. of Engineering and Computer Science
Andrews University
Berrien Springs, MI

In this paper, the cyclic voltammetry behavior of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide, which is commonly used for electrochemical DNA detection experiment, was studied in the commercial EQCM-D setup (Q-sense) using the COMSOL Multiphysics. The model was established in a 3D geometry of QCM liquid cell. The simulation shows depletion of concentration of ferrocyanice following applied electrode potential. ...

Planar Geometry Ferrofluid Flows in Spatially Uniform Sinusoidally Time-Varying Magnetic Fields

S. Khushrushahi, A. Weddemann, Y. Kim, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA

Prior work has analyzed the case of planar Poiseuille ferrofluid flows in planar ducts stressed by uniform sinusoidally applied fields transverse and perpendicular to the duct axis. The coupled linear and angular momentum conservation equations with imposed magnetic flux density, Bx and magnetic field Hz result in a fourth-order system that was numerically solved using the shooting method in ...

Electric Field Distributions and Energy Transfer in Waveguide-Based Axial-Type Microwave Plasma Source

H. Nowakowska[1], M. Jasínski[1], and J. Mizeraczyk[1,2]
[1]The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Gdansk, Poland
[2]Dept. of Marine Electronics, Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland

In this paper, we examine changes of the electric field distributions in waveguide-based axial-type microwave plasma source (MPS) during tuning procedure. The distributions strongly depend on position of the movable short, so does the wave reflection coefficient of the incident wave. A method of determining tuning characteristics of the MPS consisting in treating the MPS as a two-port network, ...

Application of Multiphysics in the Simulation of Metallurgical Processes

M. Ek, and D. Sichen
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

In the steelmaking processes, the stirring of the metal bath by argon (or nitrogen) injection is a widely used method to achieve chemical or thermal homogeneity. Computational fluid dynamics can be used as a very powerful tool to gain an insight into the mass transfer and heat transfer in liquid steel. In this paper, the flow behaviors in two different steelmaking reactors were simulated using ...

Electrostatic Screening Effects between Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes and Fast Transient Joule Heating during Field Emission

M. Dionne, J.-L. Meunier, and S. Coulombe
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

To minimize the erosion of arc electrodes, surface melting must be avoided by optimizing field emission. This can be achieved through the use of sharp structures in the design of the surface topography.Carbon nanotubes standing vertically on metal substrates are good candidates for the creation of new electrodes fulfilling these requirements but their dimensions and density on the substrate must ...

Thermo-Mechanically Coupled Analysis of Shape Memory ActuatorsNC

Q. Li, and S. Seelecke
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA

This presentation deals with a Thermomechanical coupled analysis of a Shape Memory wire actuator. The outline for the Shape Memory Alloy model is:Motivation - Multiple scales and materialsMicro-scale mechanismsMeso-scale lattice elementsMacro-scale elementFree energy conceptUnified approach to various active materials(SMA, PZT, FSMA, etc.)Mathematical modelStatistical thermodynamicsThermally ...

Microfluidic Design of Neuron-MOSFET based on ISFET

A. Jain[1], and A. Garg[2]
[1]BITS Pilani, Goa, India
[2]Bhartiya Vidyapeeth College, New Delhi, India

In this paper we suggest a device which combines the operation of a neuron-MOS and an ISFET. An ISFET is an ion-sensitive field effect transistor used to measure ion concentrations in a solution; when the ion concentration changes, the current through the transistor changes accordingly. A voltage between substrate and the oxide surfaces arises due to an ions sheath. It contains a conventional ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

Laminar Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Studies of an Electrical Conducting Fluid Subject to Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], T. DePuy[2], and X. Xie[2]
[1]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT
[2]Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, CT

The flow of electrically conducting fluids such as liquid metals is significantly affected by applied electric and magnetic fields. The effect has important industrial applications in metallurgy, nuclear technology and other fields. This paper described results of a series of studies designed to investigate the capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics to accurately simulate the steady laminar flow ...

Negative Ion Beams and Secondary Beams

M. Cavenago[1], P. Veltri[2], E. Gazza[2], G. Serianni[2], and P. Agostinetti[2]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
[2]Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy

The development of powerful negative ion sources requires precise and versatile simulation tools to predict the emittance of the extracted ion beams and the heat load on the electrodes. A first tool is a determination of the plasma beam interface which is accomplished by a set of macro based in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Notwithstanding the strong nonlinearities involved, a proper ...

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