Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Electromagnetic Well Logs Simulated with the COMSOL® RF Module on a Cluster

D. Swaminathan[1], G. Minerbo[1], K. Pathak[1]
[1]Drilling and Production Group, Schlumberger, Houston, TX, USA

Introduction Computer simulations are widely used for the interpretation and inversion of electromagnetic measurements in well logging. Until recently, simulated logs have been computed with approximate 1D or 2D models. By using the COMSOL® RF Module installed on a cluster, we show that a full 3D finite-element simulated log can be obtained within an acceptable turnaround time. Use of ...

Rheological and Topographical Controls on Deformation Due to a Shallow Magma Reservoir

J. H. Johnson[1]
[1]University of Bristol School of Earth Sciences, Bristol, UK

The use of high-resolution topography in the finite element model demonstrates that deformation from a shallow pressure source can be dramatically affected by overlying relief, not only in magnitude, but also in azimuth. This result is significant as it allows traditionally anomalous data to be evenly weighted during inversions for magma reservoir parameters. The result that surface ...

Viscoelastic Deformation of the Alaskan Crust and Upper Mantle Subsequent to Regional Earthquakes

Boyd, O.S.
U.S. Geological Survey, Golden, Colorado

Estimates of the probability of earthquakes in Alaska are improved through a finite element, viscoelastic analysis of the evolution of stress in the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. A solution to the problem is addressed through multiple FEMLAB applications, two for each subdomain, where each subdomain is a fault bounded block. The first application models the elastic response and sets up the ...

Modelling of Magnetic Resonance Sounding using Finite Elements (FEMLAB) for 2D Resistivity Extension

Braun, M., Rommel, I., Yaramanci, U.
Technische Universität Berlin, FG Angewandte Geophysik, Berlin

We show modellings of magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) data influenced by 2D electrical resistivity structures. We demonstrate exemplarily the impact of a 2D electrical resistivity distribution for a discontinued layer as geological situation. The effects are shown for 2D kernel functions and for calibration sounding curves. We compare the results considering a 2D structure with those of 1D ...

Multiphysics Model of Soil Phenomena Near a Well

Prokofiev, D.1, Dunec, J.2
1 Shell International Exploration and Production
2 COMSOL, Inc.

The equations describing poroelastic materials are developed in detail and compared to those decribing Darcy flow and structural mechanics in COMSOL Multiphysics. The difference between the coupled poroelastic equations and those in COMSOL Multiphysics is shown to be an additional source term both in Darcy and in structures. Simple verification models are run to check the accuracy and behavior ...

Modelling AVO signals from laboratory acoustics and seismic (MASLAS)

R. Limacher, R. McHugh, and R. Westerman
Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland

The Amplitude vs. Offset (AVO) technique infers the elastic properties of geological targets from pre-stack seismic data. AVO analysis significantly reduces the drilling risks for oil and gas exploration and development, particularly in the Gulf of Mexico. One strand of the current, EC-funded ADEMA Project is to evaluate AVO in coal-bearing strata. The target application areas are long-wall ...

Modeling Flow Through Foam Channels

F. Rouyer, E. Lorenceau, and O. Pitois
Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux Divisés et des Interfaces, Université Paris-est, Paris, France

We model the liquid transport in foam (i.e. drainage) by unidirectional flow transverse to a triangular planar area that represents channel (i.e. Plateau borders) cross-sections. Partial mobility of the interfaces is obtained balancing the bulk viscous stress with the surface viscous stress and a velocity equal to zero is imposed at the vertices. In liquid foams, the wedges of the channels are ...

Transport in reactive porous media containing biofilms

G. Debenest, Y. Aspa, and M. Quintard
IMFT, GEMP group, Toulouse, France

The objective of this presentation is the evaluation of effective bulk transport properties of reactive porous biofilm. We present our microscale model that accounts for both momentum and mass balances.

Erosion Of Buffer Caused By Groundwater Leakages Based On ESM-Application

O. Punkkinen[1], A. Jorma[1], K. Kari[2], and M. Olin[3]
[1]B+Tech, Helsinki, Finland
[2]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland
[3]VTT, Espoo, Finland

In this work the issue of saturation phase erosion caused by groundwater leakages was approached both experimentally and computationally by employing COMSOL\'s Earth Science Module. We evaluated the total mass of eroded bentonite out of a cylindrical erosion channel both numerically and experimentally, and studied its dependence on time. It was observed that logarithmic eroded mass loss as a ...

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