Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

FEMLAB Modeling of Multiple Crack Systems

Grechka, V.1, Kachanov, M.2
1 Shell E & P, Houston, TX
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, MA

Almost ubiquitous presence of fractures in the earth and their tendency to provide natural pathways for flow of hydrocarbons makes them an important target in exploration for oil and gas. While typical geophysical (mainly seismic) data indicate only relatively large faults, information about many small fractures of exploration interest has to be inferred from seismics by applying some effective ...

3-D Multiphysics Modeling of a Producing Hydrocarbon Field

McKenna, J.R.1, Blackwell, D.D.2
1 U.S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Geotechnical & Structures Laboratory, Vicksburg, Mississippi
2 Department of Geological Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas

Thermal anomalies indicating elevated temperatures often are present in producing hydrocarbon fields. This paper discusses precision temperature logs obtained over a salt dome in the Bayou Bleu hydrocarbon field in southwest Lousiana, and presents a 3-D thermal-fluid model of the dome constrained by these types of logs. The numerical model in which both an enhanced thermal conductivity ...

Erdwärmenutzung im Eisenbahntunnelbau – Simulation und Wirtschaftlichkeitsberechnung

Oberhauser, A.1, Adam, D.2
1 Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Eisenbahnwesen, Verkehrswirtschaft und Seilbahnen, TU Wien, Wien
2 Ingenieurkonsulent für Bauingenieurwesen, Universitätsdozent am Institut für Grundbau und Bodenmechanik der TU Wien

The usage of geothermal heat by the means of railway infrastructure is a relatively new method to tap renewable energy sources. A research project at the Department of Railway Engineering, Transport Economics and Ropeways at Vienna University of Technology in cooperation with the Department of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Enginering and the Atlas Copco MAI Ltd. deals with the development of ...

Coupled Models of Lithospheric Flexure and Magma Chamber Pressurization at Large Volcanoes on Venus

G. Galgana[1], P. McGovern[2], and E. Grosfils[2]

[1]Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
[2]Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA

We present an implementation of the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics to model the state of stress associated with the emplacement of large volcanic edifices on the surface of a planet. These finite element models capture two essential physical processes: (1) Elastic flexure of the lithosphere beneath the edifice load, and (2) Pressurization of a magma-filled chamber that serves ...

COMSOL Multiphysics, TOUGHREACT and Numerrin Comparison in Some Modelling Tasks of Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal

A. Itälä[1], V-M. Pulkkanen[1], M. Laitinen[2], M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö[1], and M. Olin[1]
[1]VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland
[2]Numerola Oy, Jyväskylä, Finland

Bentonite clay is used as a protecting barrier around both the copper capsules in deposition holes and in deposition tunnels in the KBS-3 final disposal concept for spent nuclear fuel. The performance of these bentonite barriers will be investigated both experimentally and by modelling. Both approaches are needed, because for example the time span in question (hundred thousand years or even more) ...

The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle

A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...

Constraints on Ocean Floor Permeability from Hydrothermal Modelling

S. Titarenko[1], A. McCaig[1]
[1]School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

The Atlantis massif is a domal submarine seamount close to the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 °N. Close to the crest of the Massif, the Lost City hydrothermal field (LCHF) has been active for at least 120,000 years, venting fluids with a temperature of 40-90 °C. 5 km north of Lost City, a temperature profile has been measured in IODP Hole 1309D, with a near-conductive thermal gradient of ~100 °C/km ...

A Finite Element Test of the 2002-2003 Etna Eruption

F. Pulvirenti[1][2], M. Aloisi[1], G. De Guidi[2], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...

Sheath and Potential Profiles around RP Sensors and the Gondola in the Huygens Experiment

R. Godard
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada

Preliminary results of the Relaxation probe (RP) in the Huygens experiment have provided evidence that the potential profiles around sensors do not obey to a Laplace field, but to a Poisson field. In this present work, we analyze possible interactions or shadowing effects between sensors, booms and the gondola, and the data processing of RP sensors. The governing equations for the fluid model ...

COMSOL Modeling of a Submarine Geothermal Chimney

M. Suárez [1], and F. Samaniego [2]
[1]Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
[2]Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico

New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...

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