K. O. Lund
Engineering Consultant to SML Associates, Del Mar, CA, USA
Viscous equations are developed for regions with two interacting flowing fluids, or two fluid phases, such as occur in fluidized particle beds or the mixing of fluids. The descriptive equations are rendered into the standard COMSOL PDE matrix form, and solved over typical two-dimensional regions, as time-dependent interacting laminar flows.The model geometry selected is that of a so-called ...
A. Noume, C. Vasile, M. Risser
National Institute of Applied Science (INSA), Strasbourg, France
In automotive industry, regardless the type of engine we use, heating and air-conditioning is responsible for the highest energy consumption among all the auxiliary systems all over the year. For conventional vehicles with thermal engines, the heating of the internal space is easy obtainable because of the heat waste from the engine. For the electric vehicles, as the energy is delivered by the ...
B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...
L. P. Aoki, H. E. Schulz, M. G. Maunsell
University of São Paulo, São Carlos, SP, Brazil
This article considers a closed water circuit with square cross section filled with an electrolyte fluid. The conductor fluid was moved using an electromagnetic pump, in which a permanent magnet generates a magnetic field and electrodes generate the electric field in the flow. Thus, the movement is a consequence of the magnetohydrodynamic (or MHD) effect. The model adopted here was derived from ...
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
A model was developed to simulate the reaction, concentration field, flow field, and temperature distribution inside a Claus reactor for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur. The model considered two ideal reactors, a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor. As expected, two ideal reactors showed much different behaviors in terms of reactant conversion and operating temperature. ...
D. Conchouso, E. Al Rawashdeh, A. Arevalo, D. Castro, I.G. Foulds
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
This paper presents the multiphase 2D axisymmetric simulation of a three-dimensional flow-focusing microfluidic droplet generator using the laminar two phase flow, phase field interface in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The performance of the device is characterized at different flow conditions. The generation frequency and diameter of droplets was studied and shows direct correlation with the flow ...
D. Groulx, and W. Ogoh
Mechanical Engineering Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
One way of storing thermal energy is through the use of latent heat energy storage systems. One such system, composed of a cylindrical container filled with paraffin wax, through which a copper pipe carrying hot water is inserted, is presented in this paper. It is shown that the physical processes encountered in the flow of water, the heat transfer by conduction and convection, and the phase ...
J.G. Pieters, R. ElGamal, F. Ronsse
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium
CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...
Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device
Y. Li, K. Nandakumar, M. Jain
Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...
H. Garg, A. K. Lall, Nidhi, V. S. Negi
Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India
UIET, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India
Microchannel heat sinks designed for applications in electronic cooling and having microscale heat transfer combine the attributes of high material compatibility, high surface area per unit volume ratios, and large potential heat transfer performance with a highly sophisticated and economic fabrication process. The present study deals with different microchannel shapes and different properties of ...