Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Used in a NOx Storage and Reduction system for Heavy Duty Trucks

C. Odenbrand, and E. Senar Serra
Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

This work concerns the performance of an oxidation catalyst used in a NOx storage and reduction system. The oxidation of NO is the main objective of this study, where the presence of CO and propene has also been taken into account. Experimental data has been determined on a monolithic oxidation catalyst mounted after a heavy duty diesel engine in a rig. The conversion of hydrocarbons is predicted ...

CO2 capture by means of chemical looping combustion

Pavone, D.
IFP, Lyon, Vernaison, France

In a search of concepts for innovative reactors allowing CO2 capture in gas turbine, monolith based chemical looping combustion has been identified as a promising concept. A precise simulation of the chemical looping combustion in a channel of monolith is developed to define the design rules and the material specifications. The objective is also to evaluate this innovative process in terms of ...

The influence of air humidity on the interaction between VOC and construction materials

Radulescu, C., Chicina, A.

The subject of our study belongs to the large area of studies about the analyze and the prediction of indoor air quality. One of the actual weaknesses for the appreciations of air indoor quality is the lack off knowledge about the interactions between the pollutants and the materials (emission off VOC, adsorption). Knowing the behavior of construction materials we can figure out the possibility ...

Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity

Y. Ou[1], A. Rupert[1], M. Sandberg[2], S. Weber[1]
[1]University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
[2]University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...

Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Stirred Cell System for Crude Oil Fouling

M. Yang[1], A. Young[1], and B. Crittenden[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom

A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...

Numerical Simulation of pH-sensitive Hydrogel Response in Different Conditions

M.K. Ghantasala[1], B.O. Asimba[1], A. Khaminwa[1], K.J. Suthar[2], D.C. Mancini[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
[2]Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[3]Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA

The understanding of pH-sensitive hydrogel swelling response in different buffer environmental condition is essential for its use in different practical applications. This necessitates its simulation in steady state and transient conditions. This paper mainly deals with the details of the numerical simulation performed by developing coupled formulation of chemo-electro-mechanical behavior of the ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

2D multiphysics CFD modeling of an ARP carbothermic reactor

Gerogiorgis, D.I.
Centre for Process Systems Engineering, Imperial College, South Kensington, London, U.K.

Carbothermic reduction is an alternative to the conventional Hall-Héroult electrolysis process, characterized by cost and environmental advantages, and challenging complexity. Process technology encompasses a wide spectrum of phenomena (convection, diffusion, reaction, evaporation, electric field) that occur simultaneously in a multiphase configuration, the geometry of which is an open design ...

Coupling Miscible Flow and Geochemistry for Carbon Dioxide Flooding into North Sea Chalk Reservoir

B. Niu[1], W. Yan[1], A.A. Shapiro[1], and E.H. Stenby[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...

Simulation and Design of a Microfluidic Respirometer for Semi-Continuous Amperometric Short Time Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BODST) Analysis

F.J. del Campo[1], A. Torrents[1], J. Mas[2], F.X. Muñoz[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Departement de Genètica i Microbiologia, Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

Introduction: This work presents the design of a novel flow cell based miniaturized electrochemical respirometer to monitor organic content in water samples semi-continuously, in contrast to current Biochemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, methods. Simulation techniques has been used to parameterize and optimize aspects such as height and length of the channels, materials and thickness, flow and oxygen ...

Quick Search