Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

State of Charge (SOC) Governed Fast Charging Method for Lithium Based Batteries

F. Naznin[1]
[1]TVS Motor Company Ltd., Hosur, Tamil Nadu, India

The proposed State of Charge (SOC) governed fast charging method for secondary lithium based batteries charges a battery many times faster than the normal Constant Current-Constant Voltage (CC-CV) charging and reduces the side-effects generally accompanied by various fast charging methods. The proposed charging algorithm takes into account the varying internal impedance of the battery at ...

Comparison of Darcy's Law, the Brinkman Equation, the Modified Navier-Stokes Equation and the Pure Diffusion Equation in PEM Fuel Cell Modeling

Z. Shi and X. Wang
Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA

A two dimensional isothermal single phase PEM fuel cell model is developed and implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics, where Darcy's law, the Brinkman equation, the modified Navier-Stokes equation, and the pure diffusion equation are applied separately in porous electrodes. Three values of GDL permeability are investigated. Additionally, the order of the magnitude of each term in the modified N-S ...

Simulation of Cyclic Voltammetry of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide Redox Reaction in the EQCM Sensor

H. Kwon, and E. Akyiano
Dept. of Engineering and Computer Science
Andrews University
Berrien Springs, MI

In this paper, the cyclic voltammetry behavior of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide, which is commonly used for electrochemical DNA detection experiment, was studied in the commercial EQCM-D setup (Q-sense) using the COMSOL Multiphysics. The model was established in a 3D geometry of QCM liquid cell. The simulation shows depletion of concentration of ferrocyanice following applied electrode potential. ...

Simulation of Current Density for Electroplating on Silicon Using a Hull Cell

F. Lima[1], U. Mescheder[1], H. Reinecke[3]
[1]Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
[3]Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

Electrodeposition has a major advantage over other methods of thin film deposition. It allows deposition at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, requiring inexpensive equipment. However, there are several parameters which can influence an electroplated metal layer quality. The current density distribution is taken into consideration. The Hull cell is an electrodeposition tank with a ...

Modeling of Supercapacitor

G. Madabattula[1], S. K. Gupta[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Low cost high energy density batteries that can be charged and discharged rapidly are required in a number of applications. Tapping energy from renewal resources such as solar, wind and tide requires rapidly generated energy to be first stored and then used round the clock. Storing energy of a moving vehicle as it slows down and recovering it to accelerate the vehicle later can significantly ...

Simulation of Production Processes using the Multiphysics Approach: The Electrochemical Machining Process

R. van Tijum
Dr.
Advanced Technology Center, Philips Consumer Lifestyle, Drachten, The Netherlands

Redmer van Tijum studied Applied Physics at the University of Groningen. In 2006, he received his PhD title on ‘Interface and surface roughness of polymer metal laminates’ in the field of Material Science at the University of Groningen. After that he became research and development engineer at Philips, where he focussed his attention on the improvement of production processes mainly ...

Mathematical Modeling of a Lithium Ion Battery

R. E. White[1], and Long Cai[2]
[1]R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA

The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics  software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...

Numerical Simulation of the Electrical Double Layer Based on the Poisson-Boltzmann Models for AC Electroosmosis Flows

P. Pham1, M. Howorth1, A. Planat-Chrétien1, and S. Tardu2
1Département des microTechnologies pour la Biologie et la Santé, CEA/LETI, Grenoble, France
2LEGI, Grenoble, France

In this paper, the analytical validation of Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) equation computed with COMSOL Multiphysics in the case of a polarized surface in contact with an electrolyte, is first presented.COMSOL Multiphysics algorithms easily handle the highly nonlinear aspect of the PB equation. The limitations of the PB model, that considers ions as point like charges, are outlined. To account for the ...

Numerical Modeling of the Bistability of Electrolyte Transport in Conical Nanopores

H. White[1], L. Luo[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

A characteristic feature of nanochannels is that surface properties (e.g., electrical charge) play a more significant role in the transport of fluid and electrolyte. Two oppositely directed flows (electroosmotic flow and pressure-driven flow) determine the flow profile at the nanopore orifice as well as electrolyte distribution. Once there are two electrolyte solutions with different ...

Modeling Galvanic Corrosion

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], M. Turner[2]
[1]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

Galvanic corrosion is encountered in marine applications because one often has dissimilar metal joints and seawater acts as an electrolyte. One metal acts predominantly as anode and undergoes material dissolution while the other acts predominantly as cathode and is the site where a cathodic reaction takes place. Assuming a stagnant electrolyte, the equation governing the distribution of ...

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