G. Vaivars, P. Ndungu, and V. Linkov
South African Institute of Advanced Material Chemistry, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
In a fuel cell-powered engine, the fuel is converted to electrical energy through electrochemical reactions instead of combustion. Long term stability is required for automobile and other energy system applications. The agglomeration of catalyst particles leads to an irreversible decrease of the electrochemical performance, and there are no viable methods to compensate for this phenomenon.Complex ...
M. Vallance, and R. White
General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Sodium/metal chloride storage batteries, used in hybrid propulsion applications, provide high energy and power densities safely and reliably. To understand the dynamics of electrochemical cycling, a high-temperature sodium/ferrous chloride storage cell was modeled in two dimensions. The time-dependent solution shows that a reaction front, starting at the interface with the negative electrode, ...
E. Firat, G. Bandlamudi, M. Crisogianni, P. Beckhaus, A. Heinzel
Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT), Duisburg,NRW, Germany
Heat management is crucial for the satisfactory operation of HT-PEM (High temperature polymer-electrolyte-membrane) fuel cells. Current work investigates the use of heat pipes in a HT PEMFC stack consisting of 24 cells, each with an active area of 300 cm^2. Heat pipes are known to be thermal superconductors operating on the principles of high convective heat transfer and phase transition. ...
J. Cheng, K.V. Sharp, and M.M. Mench
The Fuel Cell Dynamics and Diagnostics Laboratory and the Microscale Flow Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University
The dynamics of fuel cell coolant flow with charged nanoparticles were modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. A computational fluid dynamics physicochemical model of the multi-phase coolant flow has been formulated. For nanoparticles in the fluid, electrokinetic force, hydrodynamic force, and buoyancy forces have been taken into account for the prediction of electrodeposition rate onto channel ...
University of South Carolina
In this presentation we introduce the concept of Electrochemical Engineering through simulations in COMSOL Multiphysics. Our special case studies are: • a Parallel Plate Electrochemical Reactor, • a Rotating Ring Disk System, • a 3D Lithium Ion Battery, • a Portable Power System, • a Corroding Surface. These examples are all industrial ones, which shows the power of using ...
Computational Analysis of Transport Phenomena and Electrochemical Reactions in a Polymer-Electrolyte-Membrane Fuel Cell
P. Mina, J. Pauchet, and P. Schott
LITEN/DTH/LCPEM , CEA-Grenoble, Grenoble, France
A two-dimensional transient model for the membrane electrode assembly of a Polymer-Electrolyte-Membrane Fuel Cell is presented. Species and energy transport, electrical current distribution, and electrochemical kinetics are described in the computational domain, which consists of the electrolyte membrane as well as a gas diffusion layer, a micro-porous layer and a catalyst layer for both the ...
T. Machado Amorim, and C. Allély
ArcelorMittal Research and Development, Automotive Products Center, Maizières les Metz, France
Underpaint corrosion is one of the most important degradation modes for galvanized steel sheets employed in automotive and building industry. Simplified systems (metal coated with thin polymer layer) under corrosion situations have been studied in the past few years and it is now widely accepted that one of the mechanisms responsible for the paint disbonding is cathodic delamination. In this ...
T. Machado Amorim , C. Allély, J. Caire
Arcelor Mittal Research, Maizieres-les-Metz, France
ENSEEG, Grenoble, France
The corrosion at cut-made edges is significant due to the anode to cathode surface ratio in this region. The major problems are the risks of red rust appearance at the exposed steel surface, and the risks of paint delamination in case of insufficient corrosion protection. The work presented here focuses on the development of a 2D FEM model simulating a steady state corrosion situation at a cut ...
Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...
Ford Motor Company
Dr. Bernardi is a Research Engineer with Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, MI. Her research focuses on the analysis and simulation of electrochemical energy-storage and conversion systems. In particular, Dr. Bernardi develops mathematical models that predict system behavior and identify governing physicochemical processes. Experimental investigations support model development, analysis, and ...