Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Flow of Magnetorheological Fluid through a Micro-channel

N.M. Bruno[1], C. Ciocanel[1] and A. Kipple[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
[2]Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA

This paper presents the approach taken through the utilization of COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a, to develop a model that simulates the flow of a magnetorheological (MR) fluid through a micro-channel. The model was developed as an aid in the analysis of a micropump that produces flow by means of displacement of a MR fluid slug within a microchannel.

Periodic Near-field Enhancement on Metal-Dielectric Interfacial Gratings at Optimized Azimuthal Orientation

M. Csete[1,2], X. Hu[1], A. Sipos[2], A. Szalai[2], A. Mathesz[2], and K. Berggren[1]

[1]Research Laboratory of Electronics, Nanostructures Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA
[2]Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

The effect of plasmon-wavelength scaled gratings on the surface plasmon resonance is studied experimentally and theoretically. The model samples are multi-layers containing laser fabricated gratings at bimetal-polymer interfaces. Dual-angle dependent surface plasmon resonance measurements are performed illuminating the samples by monochromatic light in Kretschmann arrangement. The ...

Modeling Optical Nanoantenna Arrays with COMSOL Multiphysics

Z. Liu[1], X. Ni[1], and A. Kildishev[1]
[1]School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

Optical nanoantennas have been of great interest recently due to their ability to support a highly efficient, localized surface plasmon resonance and produce significantly enhanced and highly confined electromagnetic fields. Such enhanced local fields have many applications such as biosensors, near-fieldscanning optical microscopy (NSOM), quantum optical information processing, enhanced Raman ...

Implementation of a Paraxial Optical Propagation Method for Large Photonic Devices

J.E. Toney[1]

[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of COMSOL Multiphysics with MATLAB to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials. In this paper we present ...

Using Microwaves for Extracting Water From the Moon

Edwin Ethridge
Senior Materials Scientist, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

A scientific hypothesis states that cryogenic trapped water is just under the surface of lunar soil at the poles in permanently shadowed craters. Microwave energy can be used to efficiently extract this water from permafrost. COMSOL permits calculation of the heating of simulated lunar soil using measured temperature dependent dielectric properties. Calculations at different microwave ...

Rapid Prototyping of Biosensing Surface Plasmon Resonance Devices using COMSOL & Matlab software

J.J. Dubowski[1], and D.Carrier[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada

We present a Finite Element Method simulation procedure that allows rapid development of prototype devices comprising novel self-referenced interference SPR (surface plasmon resonance) biosensing microstructures. The procedure takes advantage of  COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB software and their bi-directional link. The simulation is made using COMSOL RF Module, 2D harmonic propagation ...

Modeling the chloride-induced corrosion initiation of steel rebar in concrete

P. Ghods[1], K. Karadakis[1], O. B. Isgor[1], and G. McRae[1]
[1]Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Corrosion of rebar in concrete is one of the most prominent durability problems in reinforced concrete, especially where de-icing or seawater salts come into contact with the structures. Previous electrochemical and microscopic investigations have shown that local crevices between the mill scale and the underlying steel surface accelerate the corrosion initiation of rebar in concrete. Steel ...

Coupled Structural and Magnetic Models: Linear Magnetostriction in COMSOL

J. Slaughter[1]
[1]Etrema Products, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA

Accurate modeling of magnetostrictive materials and devices requires coupling of electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and possibly acoustic domains. There are relatively few finite  element software packages that include all these physical models and even fewer that include magnetostrictive models. Comsol Multiphysics was used to create linear magnetostrictive models with fully coupled physics. ...

Simulations of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Experiments in Pure Negative and Positive Feedback Mode with Ring Microelectrodes

J. Mauzeroll[1], M. Mayoral[1], and D. Fabre[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a powerful tool recently developed for studying structures and processes in micrometer and submicrometer sized systems. It can probe electron, ion, and molecule transfers, and other reactions at solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid, interfaces . This versatility allows for the investigation of a wide variety of processes, from metal corrosion to metabolism ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...

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